Wild flowers of Pindus

Wild flowers in Pindos National Park and Vikos-Aoos

Greece has a rich flora comprising of almost 6,000 different species due to its  terrain which includes a multitude of high mountains and hundreds of kilometres of coastline. Considering the fact that it covers an area of only 132,000 square kilometers, the density and…

Crocus (saffron)

Crocus is a genus in the family Iridaceae. Saffron Crocus grows to 20–30 cm (8–12 in) and bears up to four flowers, each with three vivid crimson stigmas, which are the distal end of a carpel. Together with the styles, or stalks that connect the stigmas to their host plant, the dried stigmas are used mainly in various cuisines as a seasoning and colouring agent. Saffron, long among the world's most costly spices by weight, is native to the Zagori region of Northwestern Greece. The Pindus Mt. slopes turn purple in fall when the flower blooms.

Greek: κρόκος Crocus is a genus in the family Iridaceae. Saffron Crocus bears up to four flowers, each with three vivid crimson stigmas, which are the distal end of a carpel. Together with the styles, or stalks that connect the stigmas to their host plant,…

Crabapples

Crab apples collected from a forest close to the villages of Vitsa and Monodendri

Greek: άγρια μήλα The crab apple was the most important ancestor of the cultivated apple, over 6,000 varieties having been bred over the ages (over two-thirds now extinct). The timber of the crab apple is uniform in texture and if dried slowly, is excellent…

Wild strawberries

Fragaria vesca, commonly called wild strawberry, woodland strawberry, Alpine strawberry, European strawberry, or fraise des bois, is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows naturally throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere, and that produces edible fruits.

Greek: άγριες φράουλες Fragaria vesca, commonly called wild strawberry, woodland strawberry, Alpine strawberry, European strawberry, or fraise des bois, is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows naturally throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere, and that produces edible fruits. It can be found in the…

Urtica urens

Urtica urens, can be collected in the mountains of Epirus in the Zagori region, within the National Park of Vikos-Aoos, during spring time. A smaller and rarer subspecies can be found in higher altitudes of about 1500m during spring and autumn

Greek: Τσουκνίδα Urtica urens, a herbaceous annual plant species of the genus Urtica that abounds in the mountainous region of Zagori in Northern Greece. It  can be found almost everywhere, by the paths, treks, gardens, meadows … Urtica urens, commonly known as annual nettle, dwarf…

Greek mountain oregano

Formerly listed botanically as Origanum heracleoticum, Greek Oregano is one very spicy herb

Greek: ρίγανη Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum (Greek oregano) is related to the herb marjoram, oregano also being known as wild marjoram. It is a perennial, although it is grown as an annual in colder climates, as it often does not survive the winter months. It…

Melissa officinalis

Melissa officinalis or Lemon balm

Greek: μελισσόχορτο Melissa officinalis (lemon balm), also known as balm or balm mint and not to be confused with bee balm (which is genus Monarda), is a perennial herb in the mint family Lamiaceae, native to center-southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. It is…

Rose hips

Rose hips are particularly high in vitamin C content, one of the richest plant sources available

Greek: άγρια τριαντάφυλλα Among the most sought after forest fruit, such as blackberries, cornus mas and wild strawberries, that the forests of the National Park of Vikos-Aoos produce are the rose hips which abound in the area of Zagori. Rose hips are particularly high…

Forest fruit

Prunus spinosa | The specific name spinosa is a Latin term indicating the pointed and thornlike spur shoots characteristic of this species. The common name "blackthorn" is due to the thorny nature of the shrub, and its very dark bark

The forests of the National Park of Vikos-Aoos produce a vast variety of fruit throughout the whole year. Some are mentioned below but are only a small part of the richness of the land. Crabapples (Greek: άγρια μήλα) Apple trees are typically 4–12 m…

Vikos-Aoos flora

Purple autumn flower in the National Park of Vikos Aoos

The park was established in 1966 and is considered one of the most important protected areas for the maintenance of mountainous biodiversity and ecosystem integrity at the national level.[8] Forests of European black pine (Pinus nigra) and common beech (Fagus sylvatica) cover the park’s…